Yiquan is a pretty young Chinese martial arts and founded by Grand Master Wang Xiang Zhai (1885-1962) founded. The roots lie in Xing Yi Quan. Yiquan is therefore also considered to be internal martial art. The peculiarity of Yiquan is in the formless form. Yiquan waived morphology, and emphasizes the usage and appliance of Power (Hun Yuan Li, or whole body strength). This Hun Yuan Li is developed in the standing exercise (Zhan Zhuang) and then applied in the free movement. The basic movements of Yiquan are soft and slow. So Yiquan suits very well for the purpose of Yang Sheng (health maintenance), and also can be practiced by older people. For the study of martial arts, these basic moves will be extended with more force, explosiveness, and other methods of practice, eg Tui Shou (Pushing Hands), Tu Shou, San Shou Fa Li,….
Yi Quan is an internal martial art, originated from Xing Yi Quan. Founded by Wang Xiang Zhai, who was a disciple of Xing Yi master Guo Yun Shan. The main difference of Yi Quan towards many other martial arts styles is that there is no “form”, as you might know it from styles like Tai Ji, Wing Tsun, etc. The training includes various methods which aim essentially to develop the Hun Yan Li. Hun Yuan Li – “universal / whole body force” includes different aspects, such as power potential, power dynamics, force deployment, force change, body work, body structure, etc. With the final aim, to able to apply this Hun Yuan Li in any kind of free movement.
Zhan Zhuang, often referred to as “standing like a tree or standing pillar” is the most basic form in Yiquan training. As the name implies, Zhan Zhuang is a standing exercise, without much outward movement, and is used primarily to build strength, power development and power dynamics. Zhan Zhuang is the foundation of the Hun Yuan Li, and emphasizes the use of 意 – Yi (mind, intention). During the “standing”, with the use of Yi, you try to: Build up strength in the body & channel this strength through the body. A state of physical and mental relaxation is essential. Zhan Zhuang seeks, by the use of Yi, to build up Hun Yuan Li, in every part of your body.
Shi Li – “Taste the power”, is first and foremost body work, which is close to Qi Gong and Tai Ji Quan. In Shi Li you now try to find and apply the Hun Yuan during movement, which has been developed during Zhan Zhuang. Shi Li is therefore often referred to as “extended Zhan Zhuang”. The movements are kept very simple in the beginning, which serves to train the essential basis (body structure, force deployment, force dynamics, body work, etc). In advanced stages, the Shi Li will become free, and the exercise goes hand in hand with ones own intention and power dynamics.
Mo Ca Bu – “The grinding step,” is Shi Li for the leg and footwork. As with Shi Li, at the beginning we have predetermined movement patterns, that by time will lead to a free footwork with the use of Hun Yuan Li.
Fa – Li – “Send Power”. Fa Li uses the “full, soft” Hun Yuan Li, of Zhan Zhuang & Shi Li, to become explosive . As in every other area of Yiquan, the training is divided into two main steps. 1st, Elaboration of Fa Li, with simple movement patterns. 2nd, Development of open-Fa Li with the ideal, to be able to develop explosive power during free movement with any part of your body (hand, elbow, knee, etc.).
Are combat-orientated partner exercises. “Tui Shou – pushing hands”, aims to train your power dynamics, power change, body work, etc. The goal control your partner, by destabilize his force and bringing yourself into an advantageous position. Tu Shou and San Shou are both free sparring exercises.